Treatments Available

The elimination of allergens aims to completely avoid contact with the allergens. This method is the fastest way to get results, but is often not an option; this is certainly the case if there is hypersensitivity for multiple antigens or in the case of hypersensitivity to grass,  tree pollen or house dust mite which are very difficult if not impossible to avoid, for example. 

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Elimination of allergens

The elimination of allergens aims to completely avoid contact with the allergens. This method is the fastest way to get results, but is often not an option; this is certainly the case if there is hypersensitivity for multiple antigens or in the case of hypersensitivity to grass,  tree pollen or house dust mite which are very difficult if not impossible to avoid, for example.

Symptomatic Treatment

The group of drugs that is used to treat only the symptoms of the allergy are called symptomatic medications. Examples of this type of medications are antihistamines and corticosteroids.

Duration of effectiveness

Drugs to treat the inflammation, such as corticosteroids (prednisolone) and cyclosporine, are excellent at suppressing the allergic reaction. However, these medicines do have significant disadvantages, especially when they have to be given as long-term therapy over an animal’s lifetime as is the case with allergies. For that reason, it is advisable only to administer these medications for short periods.

Corticosteroids and antihistamines

Anti-histamines are not very effective in dogs: 10-15% effectiveness.

Symptomatic therapies

Can be useful for the following categories of patients:

-Season-related atopy during only a few months every year.

-Animals of which one suspects the presence of Atopy, but in which the causal allergens cannot be identified also known as atopic like dermatitis

Essential fatty acids

Essential fatty acids will help to optimize the coat of your pet and has an anti-inflammatory effect.

Immunotherapy

Allergen specific immunotherapy tries to make the patient less sensitive or not sensitive at all to the substance to which it is allergic by injecting the animal with the allergens in increasingly larger doses and at increasingly longer intervals.

Patients that have symptoms for more than 3 months can be considered for Allergen-specific immunotherapy.  The owner needs to be made aware that this is a lifelong treatment in which the animal is never completely cured, but rather the disorder is kept under control.

Results

The proportion of dogs that respond well to the treatment is about 75%1. It will take time for the treatment to have any noticable results.